James M. Hinton House
This is the site of the home of James Miles Hinton, businessman, civil rights pioneer and minister. Hinton moved to Columbia in 1939 and was elected president of the Columbia branch of the NAACP. He was president of the state conference from 1941 through 1958, as it grew from 13 chapters to 80. Hinton helped overthrow the all-white Democratic primary in S.C. and helped plan strategy for Briggs v. Elliott. He was often threatened, was kidnapped from Augusta in 1949, and had shots fired at his house in 1956. Hinton was later pastor of Second Calvary Baptist Church in Columbia.
KEYWORDS: CIVIL RIGHTS, BRIGGS V. ELLIOTT, BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION, NAACP, COLUMBIA, RICHLAND COUNTY